|Architectural Style||Gothic Revival|
|Owners||Captain John Wilcox, Charles Cruikshank, John Ross, Manuel Eyre Jr., Haverford Township|
The Grange Estate, located in Haverford Township, Pennsylvania, has a fascinating history dating back to its establishment in the late 17th century. Originally known as Maen Coch, the property was purchased by Henry Lewis in 1682, a Welsh Quaker seeking religious freedom in the New World. The original house on the site was likely constructed of logs, and it was Henry Lewis Jr. who expanded the mansion in approximately 1700, adding the present-day drawing room and bedrooms. In 1750, Captain John Wilcox acquired the property and renamed it Clifton Hall, making it more formal by adding the dining room and enhancing its grandeur. The property changed hands once again in 1782 when John Ross, a friend of the Marquis de Lafayette, acquired it and renamed it The Grange in honor of his French friend's estate, La Grange. The Grange became a hub of elegant entertainment and hosted notable figures of the Revolutionary era, including George Washington. However, John Ross's sudden death in 1800 led to financial difficulties and a series of property ownership changes. In 1850, John Ashhurst, the next major owner, undertook significant modifications to The Grange, transforming it into a Gothic Revival-style mansion. He added a porte-cochere wing, a front gable extension, a grand verandah, and other adornments to the mansion. Under his ownership, several outbuildings were also constructed in a unifying architectural style. The Ashhurst family's vision and modifications define The Grange as it stands today. After a period of being uninhabited, Benjamin R. Hoffman acquired the property in 1913 and rehabilitated it. Subsequent financial challenges led to the property's sale, and it eventually came under the ownership of Margaret Hoffman, who bequeathed it to her two nephews upon her death in 1973. In 1974, The Grange Estate was sold to the Township of Haverford, becoming a public treasure that preserves the architectural and historical heritage of this magnificent property. Today, visitors can explore the mansion, gardens, and outbuildings, gaining insight into the property's long and storied history.